Biography of Bipin Chandra Pal in English

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Biography of Bipin Chandra Pal

Full Name Bipin Chandra Pal
Father’s Name
Ramchandra Pal
Mother’s Name Narayani Devi
Birth Year 7 November 1858, Habibganj District, (present-day Bangladesh)
Death Year 20 May 1932, Kolkata, West Bengal
  • Born: 7 November 1858, Habibganj District, (present-day Bangladesh)
  • Death: 20 May 1932, Kolkata, West Bengal
  • Field of work: freedom fighter, teacher, journalist, writer

Bipin Chandra Pal was an Indian revolutionary, teacher, journalist, and writer. Pal is one of the great personalities who played a major role in laying the foundation of India’s independence movement. He was part of the famous Lal-Bal-Pal (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal) trio.

This trio shook the cradles of English rule with its sharp attack. Bipin Chandra Pal was a nationalist leader as well as a teacher, journalist, writer, and a great speaker. He is also considered the father of revolutionary ideas in India.

He made a major contribution to the movement against the British rule against the partition of Bengal in 1905, which got the support of the public at large. This trio of Lal-Bal-Pal realized that the country’s economy is deteriorating due to foreign products and the work of the people is being snatched away.

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Known for his warm thoughts, Pal promoted the indigenous movement and blamed British rule by boycotting finished products in the UK, avoiding Manchester-made clothing and strikes in industrial and commercial establishments.

In the early years of the national movement, the Garam Dal played an important role as it gave a new direction to the movement and it increased awareness among the people. Bipin Chandra Pal played an important role in creating awareness among the general public during the national movement.

He believed that Swaraj is not going to get the soft party weapon from the Prayer-Petition, but for Swaraj, foreign rule will have to be attacked. That is why he is called the father of revolutionary ideas in the freedom movement.

The early life of Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin Chandra Pal was born on 7 November 1858 in Habibganj district of undivided India (now in Bangladesh) to a thriving home in a village called Poil. His father Ramchandra Pal was a Zoroastrian scholar and a small landowner.

He studied and later taught at Church Mission Society College (now St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College). This college was affiliated to the University of Calcutta.

At a very young age, Bipin joined the Brahmo Samaj and like other members of the society, he too started opposing social evils and orthodox traditions. He raised his voice against discrimination based on caste at a very young age and married an upper-caste widow, after which he had to break away from his family. Pal was firm to the tune and therefore did not compromise despite family and social pressures.

Congress Party and Bipin Chandra Pal role in the freedom movement

In 1886, he joined the Congress Party. In the Madras Session of Congress in 1887, he demanded immediate removal of the Arms Act implemented by the British Government because the Act was discriminatory.

He was part of the famous Lal-Bal-Pal (Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal) trio. All three fueled revolutionary sentiments and also participated in revolutionary activities themselves. Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh promoted a nationalism whose ideals were complete Swaraj, Swadeshi, the boycott of foreign goods, and national education.

Bipin Chandra Pal carried forward the national movement through programs like Swadeshi, the boycott of foreign goods, and national education. They believed that doing so would remove poverty and unemployment.

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He had absolutely no faith in English rule and believed that foreign powers could not be defeated with weapons like pleading and non-cooperation. That is why he had an ideological difference with Gandhiji. In the last few years of his life, he split from the Congress.

Pal also founded the revolutionary magazine Bande Mataram. After Tilak’s arrest and the Swadeshi movement, he went to England after the oppressive policy of the British. There, he joined India House (which was founded by Shyamji Krishna Varma) of the revolutionary Vidhar stream and started publishing Swaraj Patrika.

When the revolutionary Madan Lal Dhingra killed Curzon Wylie in 1909, the publication of Swaraj was stopped and he faced a lot of problems in London. After this incident, Bipin Chandra Pal distanced himself from the radical ideology.

In the Vande Mataram treason case, he refused to testify against Aurobindo Ghosh, which led to a sentence of 6 months.

He also criticized leaders like Mahatma Gandhi on many occasions and opposed his views. Criticizing Gandhiji in 1921, he said, “AAP’s views are not logical but based on magic”.

Compositions and Editing

Along with the revolutionary, Bipin was also a skilled writer and editor. He also composed many compositions and edited many magazines and magazines.

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He worked for a long time as a writer and journalist.

Viewer (1880) Bengal Public Opinion (1882) Lahore Tribune (1887) The New India (1892) The Independent, India (1901) Bandemataram (1906, 1907) Swaraj (1908 -1911) The Hindu Review (1913) The Democrat (1919), 1920) Bengali (1924, 1925)

Death of Bipin Chandra Pal

On 20 May 1932, this great revolutionary died in Kolkata. He broke away from politics around 1922 and remained aloof until his death.


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Conclusion (निष्कर्ष)

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