Biography of Indra Kumar Gujral in English

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Biography of Indra Kumar Gujral

Full Name Indra Kumar Gujral
Father’s Name Avtar Narain Gujral
Mother’s Name Pushpa Gujral
Birth Year 4 December 1919
Death Year 30 November 2012
  • Born: 4 December 1919
  • Died: 30 November 2012
  • Prime- Minister Duration: From April 1997 to March 1998

Life Introduction of Indra Kumar Gujral

Indra Kumar Gujral was an Indian politician who served the country as Prime Minister from April 1997 to March 1998. Gujral was third among the prime ministers elected from Rajya Sabha, first Indira Gandhi and then HD. Deve Govada was chosen.

Early life and personal life of Indra Kumar Gujral

Indra Kumar Gujral was born on 4 December 1919 in Jhelum, British India. His father’s name was Avatar Naren and his mother’s name was Pushpa Gujral. D.A.V. He studied at the college, Hailey College of Commerce and Forman Christian College University, Lahore.

Along with this he also participated in the Indian independence campaign and had to go to jail at the time of the Quit India Campaign in 1942. As a student, he also became a member of the Communist Party of India. He also has two sisters, Uma Nanda and Sunita Judge.

Among Gujral’s favorite works, he loved writing poems and speaking Urdu. His wife Sheela Gujral, who had been ill for a long time, died on 11 July 2011. His wife was also an eminent poet. They also have two sons. The first king, who was the MP of Shiromani Akali Dal in the Rajya Sabha. And the second son’s name is Vishal.

Early Politics

In 1958, Gujral became the Vice President of the New Delhi Municipal Committee and in 1964 he joined the Congress Party. He was very close to Indira Gandhi and became a member of Rajya Sabha in April 1964.

In June 1975 at the time of exchange, Gujral became the minister of information and broadcasting, he was also in charge of media during the time of censorship in India and Doordarshan was also in charge.

He was again elected to the Rajya Sabha and served until 1976. After this, he also served as the water control minister. Gujral was later appointed as India’s ambassador to the Soviet Union by Indira Gandhi.

But then Vidya Charan Shukla was replaced in his place due to debate with Sanjay Gandhi and after that, he was made Planning Minister.

Indra Kumar Gujral as Prime minister

Gujral became Prime Minister as a common-minded candidate, the list of which Lalu Prasad Yadav and Mulayam Singh Yadav also supported, was supported by INC from outside Gujral’s government.

In the early weeks of his tenure, the Central Bureau of Investigation had also given him a case in the fodder scam against state Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav.

According to Gujral, Lalu Prasad Yadav was trying to escape from the case, while according to official sources, Yadav was not running from the case. As a result, the public and other political parties started demanding Yadav’s resignation from the post of Chief Minister.

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Chandrababu Naidu, leader of the United Front and Telugu Desam Party, and Harikishan Singh Surjit, general secretary of the Communist Party of India, demanded the resignation of Yadav and other RJD members, and JD members Sharad Yadav, H.D. Deve Govada and Ram Vilas Paswan also said. While the chairperson of Sitaram Kesari also made a mild request for Yadav’s resignation.

Yadav then got the support of Gujral, in which he asked him to go to any Lok Sabha in Bihar. Gujral was already calm in Yadav’s dispute but then CBI director Joginder Singh started investigating against Yadav.

Due to the case, JD leader Sharad Yadav still rejected him from the party, but then later established the Rashtriya Janata Dal in 1997.

Also Read: Biography of P V Narasimha Rao in English

Another irrational decision of his government was to allow President’s rule in Uttar Pradesh in 1997. The BJP government led by Kalyan Singh in Uttar Pradesh was deeply disappointed by this decision. While President K.R. Narayan too refused to sign his opinion and sent the government back to reconsider. The Allahabad High Court also ruled against President’s rule in Uttar Pradesh.

The Jain Commission report was submitted to the government on 28 August 1997 and it was leaked on 16 November. The main objective of this commission was to investigate the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi and due to this he also criticized the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, among other leaders, Narasimha Rao’s government had assisted the Tamil invaders on conviction of Gandhi’s assassination.

The DMK party was a part of the organization in Central and the organization also had a minister in the cabinet.


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Conclusion (निष्कर्ष)

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