Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai in English

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Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai

Full Name Lala Lajpat Rai
Father’s Name Radha Krishan
Mother’s Name Gulab Devi
Birth Year 28 January 1865 in Punjab
Death Year November 17, 1928, in Lahore
  • Born: 28 January 1865 in Punjab
  • Death: November 17, 1928, in Lahore
  • Field of work: freedom fighter
  • Achievement: Lala Lajpat Rai is also known as Sher-e-Punjab and Punjab Kesari.

Life introduction of Lala Lajpat Rai

India is a great country. Here in every age, great souls have taken birth and made this country even greater. One such man was Lala Lajpat Rai. He was not only a master of great personality, but also a serious thinker, thinker, writer, and great patriot. He made many efforts to remove the evils prevalent in the Indian society of that time.

His style of speaking was very influential and scholarly. In his language style, he used the words filling the ocean in Gagar. He used to curse his own life by seeing his motherland clutched in the shackles of slavery and was martyred while struggling till his last breath to liberate India.

Birth and childhood of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, a great writer, and politician honored with the title of Sher-e-Punjab, Punjab Kesari, India, was born on 28 January 1865 in Dhudike village in Ferozepur district of Punjab state. He was born in his Nanihal (his grandmother’s house).

At that time, it was a tradition that the girl’s first child would be born in her own house while discharging this tradition, her mother Gulab Devi gave birth to her first child in her maternal home. Lala Lajpat Rai’s native village was Jagrao District Ludhiana, which was only 5 miles from his Nanihal (Dhudike).

Lala Lajpat Rai was not in good health in the early days of childhood, as his place of birth was a malaria-prone area. In childhood, he was very unwell and often suffering from malaria.

Family environment of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai’s grandfather was a Patwari in Maler and considered the collection of wealth as his ultimate duty, as was the tradition of his family. He was a follower of Jainism and carried out the rituals of his religion well.

His grandmother was very gentle. She was godly, pure-hearted, welcoming guests, generous and straightforward woman. He had no avarice of any kind and wealth collection was completely contrary to his nature.

Lala Lajpat Rai’s father Radhakrishna was a very brilliant student in his student life. His father (Radhakrishna) had obtained full marks in the examination of physics and mathematics in his student life. Radhakrishna always lived first in his class. He was as indifferent to wealth as his mother. He had a lot of faith in religion but it did not mean that he had accepted the beliefs that had been in his family for years.

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On the contrary, they would accept anything only when they were doing deep studies (deep meditation) on it. Radhakrishna got an opportunity to study Muslim religion during his school time as his teacher was a Muslim and his conduct was very pious.

Due to his teacher’s pious conduct, honesty, and strong faith in religion, many students had converted their religion and those who did not change religion should remain Muslims in their real beliefs.

Radhakrishna did the same, he used to pray Namaz, and fasted in Ramadan like true Muslims. From his behavior, it seems that he will change his religion at any time, but this was not possible due to the efforts of his wife Gulab Devi (mother of Lala Lajpat Rai).

Effect of family environment on Lajpat

Balaj Lajpat’s child’s mind had a profound impact on his family environment. He saw his father following the rules of the religion of Islam. His grandfather was a firm Jaini and followed the rules of Jainism. His mother Gulab Devi was a believer in Sikhism and used to chant and worship rituals associated with Sikhism.

This was the reason that the religious curiosity and curiosity in the mind of the child Lajpat grew, which remained for a long time. Initially, he also prayed like his father and sometimes kept fast in the month of Ramadan. After some time, he left the Islamic rituals.

In Lala Lajpat Rai, his father (Munshi Radhakrishna) also awakened the tendency (desire) to study history. He read Firdausi’s Shahnama and Vyas’s Mahabharata many times at a young age. Initially, he used to study with his father and when he grew up he started studying it himself and read it many times.

This was the result of reading the Shahnama in childhood, which shows his interest in reading the texts of history. The intellectual development of the child Lajpat came from the study of such historical texts.

Elementary education of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai had his initial education in Ropar’s school. He used to read his textbooks with great interest even while engaging in reading the Quran, Shahnama, and other books of history and suffering from malaria. Lala Lajpat Rai never let his textual order break. He was the youngest in the entire school and always ranked first in his class.

His father Radhakrishna used to teach him at home also, which helped in his schooling. Lajpat Rai was a brilliant student from the beginning and used to come first in his class like his father. His father taught him mathematics, physics as well as history and religion.

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Ropar school was only up to 6th class. After completing his education from here, he was sent to Lahore for further studies. He was given a scholarship of seven rupees monthly from the Department of Education, so he came to Delhi from Lahore. He studied in Delhi for 3 months, but the climate here was not favorable to his health, due to which he became ill and came to his village Jagrao with his mother.

After leaving Delhi, he joined Mission High School, Ludhiana, and being a brilliant student, he received a scholarship here too. Lajpat passed the middle examination in the year 1877-78, the same year he was married to Radha Devi.

From this, he also passed the matriculation examination. Illness did not leave them here either, as a result, they were forced to leave school after some time. At the same time, his father’s transfer from Shimla to Ambala and his whole family reached there itself.

Higher education of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai’s family was not very prosperous. His father had the challenge to complete his higher education. To complete his higher education, his father sought help from his friend, Decorator Baloch. Baloch Saheb was a staunch Muslim gentleman and a close friend of Radhakrishna. He pledged to provide financial assistance for Lajpat’s education.

In 1880 Lala Lajpat Rai passed diploma examination from both Calcutta University and Panjab University. He then moved to Lahore at the age of 16 in 1881 and joined the Government School Lahore, the only school in Lahore.

Lala Lajpat Rai used to spend most of his education by scholarship, sometimes taking 8 or 10 rupees monthly from his father. They used to study course books from their classmates. In spite of living a life of so much absence, in 1882-83, he received an F.A. (Intermediate) examination as well as successfully passed Mukhtari (small or low-level advocacy or diploma of advocacy) examination.

Public life during college of Lala Lajpat Rai

At the time when Lajpat Rai took admission in the college, the language movement was starting. In Punjab, people belonging to Arya Samaj were pushing for Hindus to adopt Hindi and Sanskrit language.

Some of Lajpat Rai’s friends suggested him to study Arabic and study Sanskrit, then he also left Arabic class and started going to Sanskrit class due to national love. This incident is considered to be the first step for Lala Lajpat Rai to enter public life.

Hindi Movement (1882)

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Inspired by the spirit of national love, Lala Lajpat Rai became a campaigner of the Hindi movement very soon. Along with them, the Hindi movement also started the public life of his two friends Gurudutt and Hansraj.

Gurudutt and Lala Lajpat Rai were involved in collecting (collecting) a thousand signatures for the Memorial in favor of Hindi.

In 1882 Lala Lajpat Rai’s first public speech in favor of Hindi was held in Ambala. The audience of this speech also included magistrates, who made a report of this speech and sent it to the Principal of Government College. Due to which they were also warned by the Principal to stay away from such movements.

Lajpat Rai first entered into Brahmo Samaj and later Arya Samaj

Lala Lajpat Rai was in a dilemma as to which of the Arya Samaj and the Brahmo Samaj should be included. His friends had become Arya Samaj is since the time of Guru Dutt College. Lala Lajpat Rai was his friend, but he had no attachment to the Arya Samaj.

Lala Lajpat Rai had a special influence on his father’s friend Agnihotri. Agnihotri was a teacher of drawing in the Government School and was a believer in Brahmasamaj. Lajpat also used to go on lectures with him.

During a visit to one such gathering, he read an article on the life of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, which greatly influenced him and in 1882 his father’s friend Agnihotri duly entered him into the Brahmo Samaj.

But they could not connect with the Brahmo Samaj for long. His friends Gurudutt and Hansraj were Arya Samaj is and always used to talk about Arya Samaj. At the end of the year, the annual festival of Arya Samaj was being celebrated.

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Lajpat Rai had heard many things about this festival from his friends, so due to the eagerness to attend the annual festival, he attended the conference. He was so impressed by this ceremony that he reached the pandal to attend the festival on the second day as well. They became Arya Samaj is due to being influenced by the personality of Saiyidas, the head of Arya Samaj.

After his entry into the Arya Samaj, he was called on stage to give a public speech. After his speech, the entire troupe erupted with thunderous applause. At the same time, Lajpat Rai realized the importance of public speaking for the first time.

Now after studying, his time began to be active in taking part in the works of the Hindi movement. Gradually, they moved towards the public life of Punjab.

Leadership in the works of Arya Samaj

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Lala Lajpat Rai became famous as a leader as soon as he entered the Arya Samaj. Various seminars and meetings of the Arya Samaj were organized under his leadership. In this sequence, he was selected by Lala Saiyadas (head of the Lahore branch of Arya Samaj) to visit the delegations going to Rajputana and the United Provinces.

As important members of those delegations, visited places like Meerut, Ajmer, Farrukhabad, gave speeches, met Arya Samaj is and experienced how a small institution is developing. Eventually, he got what he was looking for in his childhood wandering.

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The result of his curiosity was that he got down to what he felt was right – if he showed his flaw, he left it and ran after what he thought to be true and finally became a true inquisitor.

The ideal of this society that attracted Lajpat Rai the most was to expect from every member of the society to consider the welfare of the society as superior to personal gain. This sense of service used to strengthen (strengthen) the reverence towards Arya Samaj in his mind.

He was not attracted by the principles of Arya Samaj but by the Arya Samaj, the enthusiasm for the welfare of Hindus, the efforts made to uplift India’s glorious past, and the feelings of patriotism gained a special place in his mind.

Impact of Arya Samaj on Lala Lajpat Rai’s life

The Arya Samaj had a profound influence on the life of Lala Lajpat Rai. Even after separating from society, he could never forget that his teaching work was done in the atmosphere of Arya Samaj. He understood the importance of speech art in the association of this society.

Opportunities for writing and editing in English and Urdu, the leadership of the movements, running great institutions, helping the poor and earthquake victims, setting up orphanages, etc. where the opportunities to join the Arya Samaj. The Arya Samaj thus created the role of Lajpat Rai’s life.

Financial problem of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai was born into an ordinary family. For them, the education and training received from the Arya Samaj and the Hindi movement were invaluable, but this could not solve their livelihood problems. The financial condition of his family was not very good.

His father was a teacher by profession who received a very low salary and his family was also large. His mother used to take care of the entire family in this small income. Even in such a situation, his father sent him to Lahore for higher education, so his family had to face a lot of hardships.

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Lajpat Rai got a new experience first by joining Brahmo Samaj and later Arya Samaj and working with these institutions. He wanted to serve the whole society but at the same time, he did not want to be ungrateful towards his father by turning away from his family responsibilities.

He was in a dilemma and could not decide to do any one task. With the suggestion of some of his friends, he took admission to study Mukhtari (diploma of advocacy) in addition to studying arts.

In 1881, he passed Mukhtari’s examination. They started busy in the work of justice and injustice, due to which no university of arts could pass the examination. He started financially supporting his family by becoming Mukhtar. He came to his native village Jagrao to act as Mukhtar in the courts.

Jagrao was a small town. He did not mind in both his town and profession. That town was small for their area of work. Nobody was paying attention to the country and caste here. He suffocated in this town. More than this town, they hated Mukhtari’s work because this work was insulting to them and in order to succeed in this task they had to flatter the staff, which was completely contrary to their nature.

Lala Lajpat Rai could not find himself under the circumstances of Jagrao and come to his father Rohtak. Rohtak was a bigger city than Jagrao, and there was no need to flatter government employees to do their work here.

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Although he did not want to do this task at all, he was helpless in the face of family circumstances. While doing Mukhtari, he used to get Rs 200 / – monthly which was many times more than his father’s income, so he had to do this work even without wanting it.

While doing the work of Mukhtari, he understood very well that if it is necessary to do the work of advocacy, then why not get this work done after getting higher education of law, so he decided to pass this exam.

With the work of Mukhtari in Rohtak, he could not stay away from the works of society. Rohtak was the imaginary state of the Arya Samaj, so they had to work hard to give new impetus to it.

Lajpat Rai also used to visit Lahore from time to time to participate in the society meeting, while also working as Mukhtari and also preparing for the examination of law, as a result of which he failed the advocacy examination held in 1883. His father advised him to try again. Finally, in his third attempt, he passed the law examination in 1885 and obtained a law degree.

Infancy period of political thought and the initial phase of letter publication

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

During the year 1881–1883, Lala Lajpat Rai was in the initial stage (first position) of political thought generation. While living in Rohtak, he used to do the works of Arya Samaj and D.A.V. He used to come to Lahore for the work of meetings.

They also wrote articles in letters. Most of his articles were in English. One of his young friends was Maulvi Muharram Ali Chishti who operated “Rafiki-Hind”, Lala Lajpat Rai also wrote letters for his friend in Urdu.

Lajpat was not of a critical attitude for the government in his early life, nor did he use harsh words for the British government in his articles and speeches. He had feelings of patriotism as well as a strong desire to serve the countrymen.

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According to the tradition of that era, he used to praise the British government in his speeches. They believed that the British had done a favor on Indians because the coming of the British government gave the country freedom from tyrannical Muslim rule.

1883 was the time in the life of Lala Lajpat Rai when the background of his political life was being prepared. He also started writing articles for publication.

He decided to run an Urdu letter “Bharat Desh Reformer” and an English letter “Regenerator of Aryavart” for the Arya Samaj, but he lived far away from Lahore so that he could not do this work smoothly. Therefore, he had to be satisfied only by publishing his articles in ‘Rafiki-Hind’ and any other letter.

Expansion of life and Arya Samaj in Hisar in 1886

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Lajpat Rai went to Hisar in 1886 in connection with an indictment after passing the legal examination in 1885. Knowing that place as per his wish, he decided to work there. Hisar was the first place where Rai worked for 6 consecutive years.

Arya Samaj reached here even before Lala Lajpat Rai arrived, but it could not develop completely. With the help of his friends in Hisar, he prepared the role of the expansion of Arya Samaj, and it also developed a lot. Soon, Hisar counted among the best Arya Samaj centers in the region.

Lala Lajpat Rai in his autobiography has credited this success to the special leader team of Arya Samaj. The main reason for such great success of Arya Samaj in this area was to make it a mass movement and to be associated with the farming class. In Hisar, it was an institution of the farming class and not of the Babu class, and it was also the focal point of the success of this institution.

Lala Lajpat Rai joining the Congress

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

At the time when Lajpat Rai was in Hisar, the Congress was like a newborn baby. The first session of the Congress was held in Mumbai in 1885. The convention was presided over by Umesh Chandra C. Benerjee. Due to his inquisitive nature, Lajpat Rai started watching this new movement with great curiosity.

His friend Moolraj (leader of Arya Samaj) always used to watch the activities of Congress with suspicion. Because they believed that this organization was founded by an Englishman, then how can it talk about the national interest.

Initially, Lala Lajpat Rai believed the same but this mistrust in his Congress did not last long. When Ali Muhammad visited Punjab on behalf of Bhimji Congress in 1888, Lala Lajpat Rai invited him to come to his city (Hisar) and also organized a public meeting. This was his first introduction to Congress which provided a new political base to his life.

Open letter to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Radhakrishna, Lala Lajpat Rai’s father, was a great admirer of Sir Syed. He considered Syed to be a pioneer in the 19th century and considered no less than his mentor. Radhakrishna used to always read Syed’s letter “Social Reformer” to Lajpat Rai and Rai also read all the articles of his Aligarh Institute Gazette carefully and kept it as his father’s heritage.

Rai had been taught by his father from the beginning to respect all the things of Sir Syed, but now he had gone out of the illusions of childhood and understood the real environment of the country. When Congress emerged, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan started opposing it on behalf of the Muslim community and started advising his colleagues to stay away from this movement.

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Syed believed that this would harm the interests of Muslims. When Lala Lajpat Rai saw Sir Syed as the antagonist of this new country, the little reverence left for Syed in his heart decreased even more. He wrote open letters in the name of Sir Syed which were published in an Urdu letter “Kohe-Noor” on 27 October 1888, 15 November 1888, 22 November 1888, and 20 December 1888 respectively.

In these letters, Lala Lajpat Rai openly questioned Syed’s changed nature. These letters of opinion were published under the name of “son of an old follower of yours”.

The reason for Lala Lajpat Rai writing open letters to Sir Syed was not a feeling of mutual enmity but the changed nature of Sir Syed. Through his letters, he thought it necessary to acquaint the countrymen with Sir Syed’s double nature, so he wrote open letters.

The political background of Lala Lajpat Rai

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Open letters written to Sir Syed Ahmad Khan made him famous as a political leader. Congress received a lot of help from their open letters. Congress founder A.O. Hume asked Lala Lajpat Rai to write and publish a book of these open letters.

Rai did the same and this book was published before the next session of Congress. This publication made a lawyer of Hisar famous overnight and also opened a direct path to enter politics.

After the publication of this book, he was invited to attend the convention of Congress. Madan Mohan Malaviya and Ayodhyadas did this at the Prayag station when Laljapat Rai reached the convention. At this time, he had become famous as the scholar who opened Sir Syed’s poll.

He had two speeches in the 1888 session of the Congress, of which the subject of the first speech was an open letter. His first speech received more praise because that speech was related to current affairs. This speech also laid the foundation for the second speech. The speeches given in the Congress of 1888 demonstrate his foresight.

He gave his first speech in Congress in Urdu and also proposed that half a day should be set aside to consider the country’s education as well as industrial matters. This proposal was accepted in the Congress, from then onwards, industrial exhibitions started to be organized along with the convention of the Congress.

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At the time when all the actions of the Congress were in English, at that time, using the Hindi language, he also said that if we have to participate in important matters of the Congress, then we have to try to be the representative of the people in the true sense. He also proved by proposing to hold industrial exhibitions that he was not only a politician but also gave importance to creative works.

The Congress of 1888 directly linked them to political work. He attended most of the conventions except the first three and devoted the remaining 40 years of his life to the service of the Congress. In between, he was also indifferent to the actions of the Congress, but the objectives of the Congress never differed.

Lala Lajpat Rai asked for the 1889 session to be held in Lahore, but Bombay was chosen for this. The session was presided over by Charles Bradlaugh. In this session, he met Charles Breedla and Hume. This session had an adverse effect on his mind.

He felt that the leaders of Congress are more concerned about their name and pride than the interest of the country. This session made him indifferent to Congress and he did not participate in any of its sessions until 1890-1893.

Controversy in Arya Samaj

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Two parties of the Arya Samaj were led by Gurudutt and Sai Das. During the time of Swami Dayanand’s death in 1883, Guru Datta was with him to serve Swamiji. Guru Dutt saw Swamiji in the last times of his life calm and serious due to which he became even more staunch Arya Samaji. They could not tolerate any kind of violation of the rules of society.

Thus the Arya Samaj split into two parties, one completely adhering to the dogmatic principles led by Gurudas and the other following the general views, led by Saiyadas. After the death of Gurudutt and the death of Saiandas a few months after that, the two parties began to prove themselves superior to each other.

The controversy began to increase with both parties vying to prove themselves superior. The dispute took a new form and the basis of the dispute became the prescribed curriculum for vegetarianism and non-vegetarian food and school reviews.

In this way, the struggle for establishing the authority of the party and the temple built on the society intensified. Some wanted to establish authority over the temple by the court, some with the help of the police, and some wanted to assert their dominance on the strength of sticks.

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This split was increasing day by day as Lala Lajpat Rai entered the field of work. For some time he tried to remain neutral but could not stay. They did not want to build the institution according to diet and language. He entered society because of patriotism. His aim was to serve the countrymen and not to establish his sovereignty, so he supported his friend Hansraj and supported his party.

When the Arya Samaj, divided among different parties, wanted to exercise authority over the temple of the society in different ways, Lala Lajpat Rai gave a generous speech while leading his party –

“Society is the name of principles and not of brick and stone. We have joined the party for the service of the people and for the improvement of our lives, not for taking possession of the houses or fighting over them.

Undoubtedly (without any doubt) you have built a temple with the expenditure of a lot of money and time, but if you have a strong sense of religion, then you can build a more magnificent building. I am totally against fighting fights, calling the police, or taking help from the court. ”

This liberal appeal of Lajpat Rai was successful. The proposal to separate the party was passed and the foundation for the establishment of Arya Samaj, Anarkali was laid. Lala Hansraj suffered too much to abandon the temple of Vachhavali society, yet he agreed.

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A new temple was built which was like a frontage. Here an inside house and courtyard were hired for the Satsang of the society. There was a press in which the “India Reform Letter” was printed. Lala Lajpat Rai was elected the head of this society.

Lala Lajpat Rai had to work even harder due to the new responsibility as the head. One side had to work harder to succeed in advocacy and on the other side more work was needed to work in public life.

As soon as he was discharged from the court, he used to go to collect money for the construction of the college. He was the main speaker of the college as well as the head monk. Lala Lajpat Rai, in his autobiography, has described his responsibilities of 1893 as follows:

  • I was the general secretary of the D.A.V. college committee.
  • I was the head of Lahore Arya Samaj.
  • Apart from all this, I also had to earn bread through advocacy.
  • I was the editor of ‘Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College News’.
  • I used to write articles for ‘Bharat Reform’ and ‘Arya Samaj Messenger’. Sometimes the whole work of ‘Bharat Reform’ was on me.
  • I had to go to college to collect money.

Lahore session of Congress 1893

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

After the Bombay Session of 1893, Lala Lajpat Rai became indifferent towards the Congress. He did not attend any session after the Bombay session presided over by Charles Bradlaugh. In 1893, D.A.V. Joshiram Bakshi, a college leader, invited a Congress session in Punjab. Lala Lajpat Rai was also included in its reception, but he was not an active member of it. In this session, he gave two to three speeches.

The most important aspect of the Lahore session was Lala Lajpat Rai’s meeting with two great leaders of Poona. These two great leaders were none other than the heroes of Indian freedom struggle Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. This introduction later turned into a very close friendship.

Start writing

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Lala Lajpat Rai felt that to awaken the feeling of patriotism and self-respect among the countrymen, biographies of great men should be read. The biggest problem in this was that most of the books were in English and not all people of India know English, so they decided to write a book-mala in Urdu called ‘The great man of the world’.

In the order of this book, Mala has described the character of Mejini, Garibaldi, Dayanand Saraswati, and Yugapurush Lord Shri Krishna. This idea came from his study of the character of his Italian mentor Joseph Mazzini. Lala Lajpat Rai first translated Urdu into Mezzini’s book “Duty of Man”.

While writing in Rohtak and Hisar, he wrote Mejini’s popular life character and after this, he created the life character of Garibaldi. Mazzini was an Italian politician and journalist who had the task of tying Italy into one thread.

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His efforts led to the creation of an independent and organized Italy. He described the famous democratic-republican state of modern Europe. Garibaldi was a famous Italian patriot who was a strong supporter of Mezzini’s movement of ‘young Italy’. It served to advance Mezzini’s movements and ideas in Italy.

Rai’s political motive was behind the writing and publishing of these works. He believed that every citizen of India should take inspiration from their actions and participate in the struggle for the independence of their country.

In his view, the situation of India was very much like Italy and the education that Megini gave was not only for Europe or Italy, it was for the whole world. Lala Lajpat Rai was also one of his numerous devotees, so he found a solution to the problem of India in the unification of Italy.

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In order to spread Megini’s education to the people, he described its character. Mazzini’s works and ideas in Italy were taken forward by Garibaldi, so he also created his character. By writing and publishing these compositions, the spirit of patriotism was to awaken in the youth of Punjab, in which they were successful to a great extent.

Lala Lajpat Rai portrayed Shivaji’s character after describing these two characters. His three books were published in 1896. He removed various confusions about Shivaji at that time by portraying the character of Shivaji. In his time, people considered Shivaji a robber, a sneak attacker, a mountain mouse.

With the publication of this biography, the whole situation changed, people started worshiping and praising Shivaji instead of laughing and condemning him.

In 1898, he wrote a book on the life of Dayanand Saraswati and Lord Krishna. The usefulness of the book written on Dayanand was so much that only the main events of Swamiji’s life and some interesting things of childhood were known.

Birth and organization of volunteer party

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

In the year 1897, terrible conditions appeared in front of the country. The epidemic of plague in Bombay and drought in Rajputana caused a severe famine. News of suffering started coming from everywhere in the country.

Lala Lajpat Rai’s heart would be filled with compassion with all these news stories. They became restless to help the countrymen. This had a profound effect on Lala Lajpat Rai’s heart. On the one hand news of this horrific natural disaster, on the other hand, the news of misuse of the naïve Indian public, overwhelmed by Christian propaganda by their preachers, distressed them.

The end of the 19th century was a great pain for India. Lala Lajpat Rai made full use of his oratory skills, reasoning power, operations, organization, and talent of control. He made a lot of efforts to serve the famine-stricken countrymen. He formed orphanages and refuge houses by forming a volunteer team. Although he did all these works under the Arya Samaj, he used to address only Hindu.

Through his works and ideas, he soon received the full support of Arya Samaj as well as Sanatan Dharma. Organized committees to help the victims. D.A.V. Due to contact with college students, the voluntary team also started getting services.

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They believed that only temporary help is not enough, it is also necessary to establish permanent orphan ashrams which can be reused in the future when such natural calamity comes and where refugee children can be taught to become good citizens.

He instructed the activists to pay special attention to infants, widows, and minor and adult girls in the work of assistance as Christian missionaries could easily entrap them. He also said that as far as possible help should not be given in the form of donations. Everyone should be given an opportunity to earn bread by working.

As a result of the foresight and inspiration of Lala Lajpat Rai, the famous Arya orphanage was established in Ferozepur and was made its minister. He also worked successfully in this post for many years. In this sequence, Hindu orphanages were also established in Lahore and Meerut.

With the inspiration of Lala Lajpat Rai, orphan ashrams were opened in many other places. There was never a feeling of narrowness in his mind. After his work, his name became famous in every corner of the country. He had become a popular leader now.

Struggle for life (1897-98)

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Lala Lajpat Rai’s autobiography reveals that he worked hard in his life and had to face many troubles from time to time. It was natural for him to be unwell after so much hard work in times of famine. During this time, he developed pneumonia and became a disease related to the lungs.

There were very few chances of saving his life. He remained in bed for about 2 months. During this, Dr. Beliram treated and cared for him like a skilled nurse, which protected his life.

Married life of Lala Lajpat Rai

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Lala Lajpat Rai was married at a young age of 13 years. His wife’s name was Radha. Radha Devi was from a very rich family. Lala Lajpat Rai never tied himself to this marriage, he used to do his tasks independently. It was not necessary for him to consult his wife to do any work.

He did not love his wife very much but he fulfilled every duty of being her husband. They had three children, including two sons and a daughter. All these children were born between 1890–1900. The names of both his sons were Pyare Lala and Pyare Krishna and daughter Parvati respectively, due to which they had a lot of affection.

Lala Lajpat Rai never became a lover in his entire married life. One reason for this could also be that according to the tradition of those days, they got married at a very young age, and even after many years of marriage, the husband and wife did not get any opportunity to live together.

His life was free from domestic strife. He did not require the consent of his wife in any of his works. But they did take permission from their parents.

Quit advocacy and start social service

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Lala Lajpat Rai wanted to dedicate his life to the service of the country from the beginning, but due to family circumstances, he was forced to do the work of advocacy.

Many a time, he felt that leaving all work to be fully engaged in social service, but his heart did not bear witness to be grateful to his father. Therefore, they used to do advocacy work by beating their heart. He has mentioned this in his autobiography:

“Advocacy work was not in my interest. I wanted to abandon it and get engaged in the work of country service, but my father was a hindrance to it. He wished that I should add a lot of money and make adequate arrangements for my brothers and children. I used to answer that I have done my duty to educate my brothers, and I have enough money for the sustenance of the children. “

At the behest of Lala Lajpat Rai, his father Radhakrishna had quit his job long ago and now he did not want the son to quit advocacy at a young age. Many times, both father and son were also debated on this matter.

Finally, on the occasion of the Arya Samaj festival of 1898, he announced his determination that – “I will reduce my advocacy work in the future and devote more time to college, Arya Samaj and country service.”

After this announcement, he got D.A. V. opened his office in a room in the college building and when he did not go out on a tour, he would sit in that office and watch the work of the college and advocacy. Now they often lived outside Lahore to do the functions of the society.

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After his announcement, all the college parties related to society considered it his ultimate duty to invite him to every annual festival. He wrote a book in Urdu for school students which described the ancient civilization of India. This was merely the role of his detailed book on the Hindu period of Indian history. He also compiled a book of English for schools.

It seemed from his works that he had decided to become a full-fledged teacher, but he did not do teaching work for more than 3 months. After 2 years, he decided that now whatever he earns through advocacy, he will donate everything.

He gave this information to his friend Hansraj by writing a letter and for many years, he spent all his advocacy income D.A. V. would donate to the college. They did not like any hindrance to the work of the service. His spirit of sacrifice had a huge impact on the people of the country.

The spirit of renunciation to wealth and the art of hypnosis from his speech made him a successful beggar. They would appeal for the collection of money on the anniversaries of the Arya Samaj and influence by their speech, even the biggest miser would be ready to donate, which greatly improved the condition of society and colleges.

Publication of weekly Punjabi letter

(Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai)

Lala Lajpat Rai entered the 20th century with a new and vast vision after having efficiently overcome the problems of a year-and-a-half-long illness in late 1898 and the severe famine in India. New power and energy were being communicated in them, in such a situation, it was decided to publish a weekly paper to carry forward the work of the awakened people.

This weekly paper was named “Punjabi”. The manager of this letter was made to Jaswant Rai. The publication of this letter had a great impact on the public and people felt that this letter would boldly favor the public as the policy of the letter would be determined by Lala Lajpat Rai.

On the suggestion of Lala Lajpat Rai, the editor of this paper K. Athawale was appointed. The purpose of this letter was to prepare Punjab for the coming struggle. In it, such articles would be published which made people aware of the political activities going on in the country and also made them aware of their good and bad impact on the country.

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The first visit to South India, meeting Gokhale and sister Nivedita and building the role of going to England
Lala Lajpat Rai went with his friend Dwarkadas to attend the Bombay session of 1904 to re-establish a relationship with the Congress. But the Congress was still walking on its old lines. Till now no established legislation could be formed in it.

At the end of this session, Lala Lajpat Rai went to Lanka by ship. This was his first visit to South India. It was in Madras for three days. Subrahmiah’s house was a guest and went from there to Calcutta. He first met Gopal Krishna Gokhale in Calcutta. He went to the council hall as an audience of Gokhale where the subject of Lord Curzon’s acceptance of the University Act’s irregularities was being debated.

Apart from Gokhale, Lala Lajpat Rai’s sister Nivedita also met. Rai was already influenced by Nivedita’s writings because she had the same principles in her politics which were interpreted by Megini. Sister Nivedita is also a fanatic.

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Conclusion (निष्कर्ष)

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