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10 Lines on Constitution of India in English
200 words on Constitution of India in English for class 1, 2 and 3
- Our constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949, the supreme law of the country.
- It took two years, 11 months and 18 days for the Constituent Assembly to prepare it.
- The estimated expenditure on the Constituent Assembly was Rs 1 crore.
- The drafting committee had colligated the constitution by handwriting in Hindi, English and there was no typing or printing involved.
- Members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the elected members of the Assemblies of the States of India. Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, etc. were prominent members of this gathering.
- On December 11, 1946, in the meeting of the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the permanent Speaker, who will hold this position till the end.
- It now has 465 articles and 12 schedules and is divided into 22 parts. At the time of its creation, 395 articles in the original constitution, which were divided into 22 parts, contained only 8 schedules.
- Article 74 (1) of the Constitution provides that the Council of Ministers will be assisted by the President, who will be the Prime Minister.
- Our Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world.
- Since the preparation and acceptance of the Indian Constitution exactly 66 years ago, 100 amendments have been made in it.
300 Words Essay on Constitution of India in English
Essay on Constitution of India for Class 4 and 5
Whenever there is talk of republicanism of the country, then it is natural to name the constitution of the country. Our Constitution is a unique Constitution. The Constituent Assembly was formed to make the constitution, which was formed in December 1946 before independence. Separate committees were formed in the Constituent Assembly to make the constitution. The task of drafting it was given to the drafting committee, headed by Dr. Bhimrao was Ambedkar.
What is the Indian Constitution?
The law of the country is called the constitution of the country. It is also known by the names Dharma-Shastra, Vidhi-Shastra, etc. Our constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 and came into effect from 26 January 1950, a month after it across India. It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to become complete. The debate lasted for 114 days. A total of 12 sessions were held. Last Day 284 people signed on.
Prominent members of the Constituent Assembly include ‘Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’, ‘Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, ‘Dr. Rajendra Prasad ‘,’ Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ‘,’ Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad ‘, etc.
The Constitution of India initially had 395 Articles, 22 Parts and 8 Schedules, which has now increased to 448 Articles, 25 Parts and 12 Schedules.
The constitution of India is considered to be the best constitution in the world. It is built after studying constitutions around the world. The good things about all those countries have been assimilated. All are the same in the eyes of the constitution. Everyone’s rights and duties are the same. In its eyes, there is no small, no big, nor rich, nor poor. There is a law of rewards and punishments for everyone.
350 Words Essay on Constitution of India in English
Essay on Constitution of India for Class 6 and 7
India is a democratic country and its constitution is the largest constitution in the world. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar created it and because of this, he has been called the father of the Indian Constitution. The Indian Constitution is inspired by the US Constitution.
The Constitution of India was passed on January 26, 1949, and was fully implemented in 1950. It took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to build the Indian Constitution. The first Constituent Assembly was sitting on December 9, 1946. The constitution is divided into 22 parts. It has 465 articles and 12 recommendations. The last meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on November 24, 1949.
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The constitution of Bharata is in written form. It is needed to give the people their fundamental, political and social rights. The Constitution is protected by the Supreme Court. Its head is indirectly the President and is directly used by the Prime Minister and the Chief Minister. All the rules and laws in the Constitution of India are derived from the constitution of different countries.
The Fundamental Rights are taken from the Russian Constitution and the Republic is taken from the French Constitution. The functions and powers of the President have been taken from the Constitution of America, as well as the work and amendments of the Vice President. Many such earrings have been taken from other countries.
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Our Constitution gives us strength financially and personally. It provides unity and development to the country. Our national anthem was adopted only on 24 January 1950. The Rashtriya Geet and the Ashoka Pillar were adopted as national symbols on the day the Constitution was implemented. We also have some duty towards the Constitution. We should respect our constitution and national anthem and tricolor. Public things should not be harmed.
Constitution protects our rights. It gives us freedom of every task. Changing the constitution is not easy, it takes a lot of time. But with the changing times, people want to make necessary changes in the constitution. Keeping in mind the needs of the people, the government should regularly organize the assembly and make necessary changes in the constitution. We should abide by the rules and regulations written and fully respect the Constitution.
400 Words Essay on Constitution of India in English
Essay on Constitution of India for Class 8
Before the constitution was enacted, the Government of India Act, 1935 was a law in the country. Our Constitution replaced the Government of India Act after its formation. Our constitution is the largest constitution in the world. It is also the longest written. Its 395 articles, 22 parts, and 08 schedules explain its vast nature.
After its creation, it underwent several modifications, keeping in view the relevance of time. At present, our constitution has 498 articles, 25 parts, and 12 schedules. Since this change is going on unabated and will continue to happen, the data of the original constitution should always be remembered.
Constitution and construction of Indian Constitution
The form of the Indian constitution that we see is not the result of just one person, but the result of the tireless efforts of many people. Of course, Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is called the creator and father of the Constitution. But apart from them, many people have done remarkable work. In this connection, it can be said that without these people, the mention of constitutional work is incomplete.
The national flag was created by Pingali Venkaiah. Thomas Heyer created the modern electoral system.
The work of decorating the Indian Constitution was done by the artists of Shanti-Niketan, which was directed by Nand Lal Bose.
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The Indian Constitution was conceptualized by Mr. MN Rao in 1934. For this reason, he is called the first investigator of communist ideology. Not only this, but he is also known as the pioneer of fundamentalist democracy. His recommendation was officially presented to the Indian National Congress in 1935. Thereafter, Shri C. Rajagopalachari raised his voice in support of it in 1939. And finally, in 1940, it was recognized by the British Government.
The composition of the Indian constitution is also not a one-day story. It is rather a combination of many years of tireless efforts. Today’s generation is decorated in everything on the plate, so it is not worth it. Our country has only suffered slavery for British rule for nearly three and a half hundred years. How unbearable and painful this time has been, it is unthinkable for us.
We are all very fortunate to have been born in independent India. We can do anything, we can come and go anywhere. I can speak anything. Just think, how heart-wrenching it must be when you are tortured over talk. I can’t even think, my hair stands up.
550 Words Essay on Constitution of India in English
Constitution of India Essay for Class 9
Like this, we all often discuss and consult on many topics, but when it comes to the country and patriotism, the enthusiasm is different. It is not only mine but we are connected to our feelings.
The spirit of patriotism is a different emotion. Blood starts flowing in our veins at double speed. After knowing about the immortal sons of the country, the obsession of death dies in our country.
History of the Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution was approved on 26 November 1949, but it was enacted on 26 January 1950. It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to prepare the Indian Constitution.
At the time of framing of the Indian Constitution, it was divided into 395 Articles, 08 Schedules and 22 parts, while the Indian Constitution is currently divided into 448 Articles, 12 Schedules and 22 Parts. The principal members of the Constituent Assembly were Abdul Kalam, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who were elected by elected members of the assemblies of all the states of India.
The Indian Constitution is written by hand in Hindi and English languages. About one crore was spent in making the Indian Constitution. In the Indian Constitution, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the permanent Speaker on 11 December 1946. Even after the Indian Constitution came into force, more than 100 amendments have been made in it. Baba Saheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee.
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In India, 26 November is celebrated as Constitution Day. The Indian constitution also lays down the duties of government officials and the rights of citizens. The total number of members of the Constituent Assembly was 389, of which 292 were the 4 Chief Commissioners of the British Provinces and 93 of the princely states.
After India became independent from the British, the members of the Constituent Assembly became the first members of the Parliament and the Constituent Assembly of India was elected to form the Indian Constitution. Some of the Articles of the Constitution were passed on 26 November 1949, while the remaining articles were implemented on 26 January 1950.
The constitutional head of the central executive is the president. The Constituent Assembly which constituted the Indian Constitution was constituted on 19 July 1946. Representatives of the princely state of Hyderabad did not attend the Constituent Assembly of India.
The Indian Constitution has given six fundamental rights to the citizens of India, which are described between Articles 12 to 35 –
- Right to equality
- Right to freedom
- Rights against exploitation
- Right to religious freedom
- Rights related to culture and education
- Right to constitutional remedies
Earlier our constitution had seven fundamental rights, which were removed under the ’44th Constitution Amendment, 1978′. The ‘right to property’ was the seventh fundamental right.
Our constitution has many merits. There are also some flaws, which have been removed from time to time. It is a very good quality to recognize and overcome your deficiency. Our Constitution is neither too flexible nor too strict. Our country comes under the category of very liberal countries. Considered generosity is of great quality. But some countries take advantage of our generosity illegally. Which is not in the interest of our country. Being more generous makes people think of you as weak.
600 Words Essay on Constitution of India in English
Constitution of India Essay for Class 10
India became independent on 15 August 1947 and became a republic on 26 January 1950. A constitution committee was formed under the chairmanship of Rajendra Babu to frame the constitution. It was completed and signed on January 26, 1949.
It came into effect from 26 January 1950 and India became a sovereign democratic democracy. This means that there is no interference of any external power over India in relation to any of its functions, policy, etc. and the people here and its elected representatives have the ultimate and complete power.
At the Center, the indirectly elected President is the head of the country. But the real power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his cabinet. The Prime Minister and his ministerial ministers are responsible to the Parliament. The Parliament has two houses – Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha.
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Members of Lok Sabha are directly elected by the public. Every adult Indian has the freedom to exercise his franchise in elections. India is the largest democracy in the world. The adult voters of India also directly elect members of legislatures in the states.
The Governor is the head of states. But the real power is vested in the Chief Minister and his cabinet. All the work in the country is done in the name of the President. He is the head of the three wings of the army, but it is all formal. All power and power rests with the Prime Minister and his associate ministers.
Our Constitution is fully written. It also has many other features. It is flexible and also rigid. As far as amending the constitution is concerned, it is very harsh. 1 The change in the original Harvey of the constitution is not simple. Its worry is helpful in the development of the country. It has also been amended several times as necessary.
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It is also federal and central. There is a clear division of rights and subjects between the center and the states but the center is more powerful. The Center appoints governors in the states. Our constitution is the largest written constitution in the world.
This constitution provides Indian citizens with their fundamental rights. If they are violated, anyone can go to court. It is the duty of the Supreme Court not to let the fundamental rights and freedoms of the citizens come under fire. Among these rights are rights of freedom, religion, and equality. The Constitution also lays down the obligations and duties of the citizens.
Directive elements of state policy given in the constitution are also very important. The government has to keep these in mind while making its policies, but the government cannot be compelled to follow them. Our courts are completely independent.
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Our Supreme Court can consider any law and order and declare it unconstitutional if necessary. Our country is a secular state. This implies that all religions have equal freedom here. There are no state religions here. Central or state governments do not favour any particular religion. There is no discrimination in the name of religion.
Our Constitution is about 50 years old. This has helped our country in moving forward, but some people believe that it should be changed radically according to our changing needs. It was created by the Constitution Committee. All its members were great scholars and patriots but they were not truly representative of the people because they were not elected by the people.
2400 Words Long Essay on Constitution of India in English
Constitution of India long Essay In English for Class 11 and 12
When the country of India gained independence from the clutches of the British on August 15, 1947, there was no constitution of its country at that time. The Constitution means that the rules and laws of the country through which the whole country can be controlled, so the rules and laws of our country are needed because everything does not happen only by attaining independence, a good nation is identified only when He should have his own rules and laws of the country.
Therefore, the constitution of any country is made keeping in mind the mindset, wishes, aspirations and long term needs of that country. Because the Constitution is the symbol and symbol of national identity.
India is a democratic country and its constitution is the largest constitution in the world. It contains 448 articles, 12 schedules, and 94 amendments. The Indian Constitution is a written document about fundamental rights, directive principles for its citizens and the powers and duties of governmental institutions. Which gives people their fundamental, political, social rights. Along with this, the Constitution is a framework for political principles, procedures, and powers of government.
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At the same time, according to the Constitution, India has been declared a nation with a democratic system. The Constitution is protected by the Supreme Court. While its head is indirectly the President and is directly used by the Prime Minister and the Chief Minister. All the rules and laws in the Constitution of India are derived from the constitution of different countries.
Let me tell you that the Indian Constitution is mainly inspired by the US Constitution. However, while forming this Constitution, apart from America, many good things were also taken from the constitution of the nations of England, France, and Russia.
Among the rights given in the Indian Constitution, the Fundamental Rights have been taken from the Russian Constitution and the Republic has been taken from the French Constitution. Whereas the functions and powers of the President have been taken from the US Constitution.
Also, the work and amendment of the Vice President are also taken from the US Constitution. Apart from this, the rights and laws given in the Indian Constitution have been taken from many other countries.
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The Constitution of India was passed on January 26, 1949, and fully implemented on January 26, 1950. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar created it and because of this, he has been called the father of the Indian Constitution.
Let me tell you that it took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to build the Indian Constitution. First, the Constituent Assembly was sitting on December 9, 1946, while the last meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on November 24, 1949.
The Indian Constitution is one of the best constitutions in the world. Which gives us financial and personal strength. Along with this, it gives unity and development modesty to the country. At the same time, the biggest feature of the Indian Constitution is that the country has been declared a secular nation.
The Constituent Assembly was formed to make the constitution. Members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the elected members of the Houses of the States of India. For which election was held on July 9, 1946.
While the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on December 9, 1946. In which Bhimrao Ambedkar, Jawaharlal Nehru, Abul Kalam Azad, Rajagopalachari, Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee attended this meeting while Mahatma Gandhi and Quaid-e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinn did not attend this meeting.
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At the same time, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Permanent Speaker of the Constituent Assembly was made and Dr. Sachchidanand was elected as the Executive President whereas, on August 29, 1947, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee by the Constituent Assembly.
Let us tell you that there were a total of 7 members in the drafting committee who were entrusted with the responsibility of preparing a draft of the constitution. Which included Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, N. Gopal Swami Iyengar, Alladi Krishna Swami Aiyar, Dr. KM Munshi, Syed Mohammad Saadullah, N. Madhav Rao and TT Krishnamachari. In addition, the Constituent Assembly appointed BN Rao as a constitutional advisor.
Let us tell you that the first draft of the Constitution of India was published in February 1948 by the Drafting Committee. Whereas the people of India were given 8 months to discuss the draft and propose amendments.
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In light of public comments, criticisms, and suggestions, the drafting committee prepared a second draft which was published in October 1948.
Whereas the last draft of the Constitution was presented by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar in the Constituent Assembly on November 4, 1948. After which every section of the draft was discussed and debated.
Whereas the draft Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 after incorporating all the ideas and amendments in the Constitution. Which included a preamble, 395 articles, and 8 schedules but now it has included 445 articles, 25 parts, and 12 schedules. Actually, many amendments have been made in the constitution from time to time. For example, many changes were made by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
In this way, the Constitution of India was fully implemented on 26 January 1950, so every year this day is celebrated throughout the country as Republic Day.
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At the same time, 26 January was chosen as the date of commencement of the constitution because in the year 1930, ‘Purna Swaraj’ was celebrated on this day. Which was resolved during the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress in December 1929?
The Constituent Assembly took 2 years, 11 months and 17 days to prepare the constitution. Along with this, an expenditure of about 6.4 crores was spent in its preparation.
Let me tell you that the original constitution of India has been written in Hindi and English language by Prem Bihari Narayan Raizada. Each of its pages was written in extremely difficult and italic fluency.
At the same time, artists of Shantiniketan of West Bengal also worked on the presentation of every page. Its original copies of English and Hindi are preserved in the Indian Parliament Library, in a special way designed with helium.
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The Constitution of India is considered to be the best-written constitution from the point of view of culture, religion, and geography. At the same time, there have been a total of 101 amendments in the Indian constitution, while the writings by the Constituent Assembly reflect the broad nature of their views.
Many amendments have been made to the constitution from time to time. Let us tell you that many changes were made by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.
Features of the Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution promotes the convention of ideals of unity and nationalism. A single constitution only gives the Parliament of India the power to change the constitution. It also empowered the Parliament to form a new state or to abolish the existing state or change its limits.
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The Constitution of India is designed keeping in mind the historical socio-religious and political circumstances of this country. The Constitution of India has its own special features which are written below –
- Indian constitution is the world’s largest constitution
- Sources of the constitution
- Strict and flexible constitution of India
- Secular governments
- Federalism in India
- Parliamentary form of government
- Single citizenship
- The integrated and independent judiciary
- Directive Principles of State Policy
- Fundamental Duties and Fundamental Rights
- Universal adult franchise
- Establishment of democracy
- President gets special powers during emergency
Indian constitution is the world’s largest constitution
The Constitution of India is the largest constitution in the world. It consists of 444 Articles, 22, Part and 12 Schedules. The specialty of the Indian Constitution is that it includes the systematic extension of every subject.
Because it has different provisions for Center and State and their relations. There are separate provisions for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Women and Children. It also contains a detailed list of Directive Principles, State Policy, Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens.
Sources of the constitution
The Indian Constitution has adopted the provisions of different countries and has been amended to suit the needs of the country. The structural part of the Constitution of India is derived from the Government of India Act, 1935. At the same time, provisions like the parliamentary system of government and rules of law are also taken from the United Kingdom.
Strict and flexible constitution of India
The special thing of the Indian Constitution is that it is neither rigid nor flexible, that is, there are some articles of the Indian Constitution, which the Parliament can change even with a simple majority. For this reason, the Indian Constitution is called a flexible and soft constitution.
At the same time, there are some articles in which 2/3 majority of the parliament and the government of half of the states of India have the consent to make changes, some amendments are made only with the consent of the governments, so this constitution is called a rigid constitution.
The word secular means that – this word means that all the religions present in India will get equal protection and support in the country. While India is a secular nation, secular governments mean that the central and state governments in India will have no religion. India is a country with large and different religions, so it is mentioned in the constitution that there will be no discrimination against people of any religion in the constitution.
In addition, the government will treat all religions the same and provide them equal opportunities. Along with this, the fundamental right has been given to Indian citizens that they can adopt any religion and propagate their religion.
Federalism in India
Let me tell you that the Constitution of India has a provision for the sharing of power between the Union / Central and State Governments. It also fulfills some of the other features of federalism such as rigidity of the constitution, written constitution, legislature with two houses, independent judiciary and domination of the constitution. Therefore, India is a federal nation with a unilateral bias.
Parliamentary form of government
India has a parliamentary form of government. India has a legislature consisting of two houses, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. In the parliamentary form of government, there is no clear distinction between the powers of legislative and executive organs. In India, the head of the government is the Prime Minister.
India is a symbol of unity and integrity. Therefore, to maintain the unity and integrity of the country, the Constitution provides for single citizenship. No state in India can make many distinctions on the basis of being a resident of another state. Also, in India, any person has the right to move to any part of the country and live in any place.
The integrated and independent judiciary
The Constitution of India provides for a unified and independent judiciary system. An independent and impartial judiciary has been established in the country. At the same time, the Supreme Court of India is the protector of the Constitution and the fundamental rights of citizens. It has authority over all courts of India.
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It is followed by the High Court, District Court, and Lower Court. On the other hand, if the government makes any law that violates the fundamental rights of the citizens, then the Supreme Court has the right to repeal such a law. For this, certain provisions have been made in the constitution to protect the judiciary from any kind of effects such as security of tenure and prescribed conditions of service for judges.
Directive Principles of State Policy
Part IV of the Constitution (Articles 36 to 50) talks about the Directive Principles of State Policy. They cannot be challenged in court, which is broadly divided into socialist, Gandhian and liberal-intellectualism.
Let me tell you that these principles have been established because of which the welfare of any state Possible While there is no binding legal power behind these principles, it also depends on the states whether they follow these principles or not.
Fundamental Duties and Fundamental Rights
The Indian constitution has provided 6 fundamental rights for the development of every citizen of India. In which the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to religious freedom, right to culture and education, right to constitutional remedies, along with basic rights, 11 fundamental duties of Indian citizens are also laid down in the constitution.
Universal adult franchise
In India, every citizen over the age of 18 has the right to vote without discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, descent, gender, literacy, etc. Let us tell you that universal adult franchise removes inequalities prevailing in society and upholds the principle of political equality for all citizens.
Establishment of democracy
India is a democratic and democratic state. The democratic system has been adopted in India because the Indian public has political sovereignty. Political sovereignty, which means that the people of India use their votes to elect their representatives and form a government. That is, in this system, the representative is elected by the public.
President gets special powers during emergency
The President has the right to take certain steps to deal with any extraordinary situation in order to maintain the sovereignty, security, unity, and integrity of the country. For example, in case of an attack on India, then-President can apply emergency in the country under Article 352.
With this, if the constitutional machinery in the country or a state is not successful, the President can declare an emergency under Section 356.
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If there is a huge financial crisis in the country, then President’s rule can be imposed under President Section-360.
Let us tell you that after the imposition of emergency in any state, the states are completely under the central government. An emergency can be imposed in some parts of the country or all over the country as per the need.
Thus the Constitution of India stands at the lowest level in the form of democracy, fundamental rights and decentralization of power. And the constitution acts as a set of rules, according to which a group of people or a country is governed. It provides acceptable rules to all citizens of the country irrespective of their caste, creed, and religion. At the same time, the constitution is very important for a civilized society. Along with this, the Indian Constitution ensures equality, justice, and fraternity for its citizens.
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