Essay on Poverty in English for Class 1 to 12 Students

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Here we provided 10 Lines on Poverty and Essay on Poverty for Class- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in around 100 to 500+ words that are easy to read and understand. I hope you like it.

10 Lines on Poverty in English

120 words on Poverty in English for Class 1 and 2

  1. Before independence, there was severe poverty in the country of India.
  2. The main reason for this was the lack of education and awareness.
  3. Since independence, all governments have attempted a poverty-free India.
  4. All governments, from Nehru Ji to Narendra Modi Ji, have implemented many schemes for poor people.
  5. Due to these, many poor people have access to free grains, free medical facilities.
  6. BPL people are being given houses through Prime Minister’s Housing.
  7. The Mahanrega scheme provides 100 days of employment to poor people.
  8. Employment is the best way to eliminate poverty at its root.
  9. Poverty runs away when employment occurs. When the poor earn four pence, they will also spend.
  10. Not only in India, but unemployment growth is also a matter of concern all over the world.

100 words Short Essay on Poverty for kids

Essay on Poverty for Class 3

Poverty is the condition of any person being very poor. It is an extreme condition when a person feels a lack of essential commodities such as shelter, adequate food, clothing, medicines, etc. to continue life.

Some common causes of poverty are overgrowth, fatal and epidemic diseases, natural disasters. Low agricultural production, lack of employment, casteism, illiteracy, gender inequality, environmental problems in the country, changing trends of the economy in the country, lack of proper education, untouchability, limited or inadequate access to people’s own rights, political violence, organized crime, Corruption, lack of motivation, laziness, old social beliefs, etc. Poverty in India can be reduced after effective solutions, but the individual efforts of all citizens are needed.

150 words Short Essay on Poverty for kids

Essay on Poverty for Class 4

We can define poverty as a lack of food, proper shelter, clothing, medicines, education, and equal human rights. Poverty forces a person to starve, without shelter, without clothing, education, and proper rights.

There are various causes of poverty in the country, although there are solutions, due to lack of proper unity among Indian citizens to follow the solutions, poverty is getting worse day by day. The spread of epidemic diseases is the cause of poverty in any country because poor people cannot take care of their health and health status.

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Poverty makes people unable to go to the doctor, go to school, study, speak properly, eat three meals a day, dress in need, buy one’s own house, get a proper salary for a job, etc. A person can go towards illness due to drinking unclean water, living in dirty places, and eating inappropriate food. Poverty causes powerlessness and a lack of freedom.

10 Lines on Poverty

200 Words Essay on Poverty in English

Essay on Poverty for Class 5 and 6

Poverty is like a slave situation when a person is unable to do anything he wishes. It has many faces which change according to person, place, and time. It can be described in many ways that a person feels it or is living it.

Poverty is a condition that no one wants to live, but it has to be taken away due to customs, nature, natural disasters, or lack of proper education. The person lives it, usually wants to escape. Poverty is a call for poor people to earn enough money to eat, access to education, adequate shelter, wear necessary clothes, and take action to protect against social and political violence.

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It is an invisible problem that badly affects a person and his social life in many ways. Poverty is a completely preventable problem, but there are many reasons that have persisted and persisted since the past.

Poverty causes a person to lack freedom, mental well-being, physical welfare, and security. It is very important for everyone to work jointly to remove poverty from the country and the world to bring about proper physical health, mental health, full literacy, home for all, and other essential things to lead a simple life.

250 Words Essay on Poverty in English

Essay on Poverty for Class 7 and 8

Poverty is a human condition that brings despair, grief, and pain in human life. It is the lack of money and all that is necessary to live life properly. Poverty makes a child unable to enter school in childhood and lives his childhood in an unhappy family.

Poverty is a shortage of few rupees for arranging two times daily bread and butter, buying textbooks for children, the grief of parents responsible for taking care of children, etc. We can define poverty in many ways.

It is very common to see poverty in India because most of the people here cannot meet the basic needs of life. A large percentage of the population here is illiterate, hungry, and without homes and clothes. This is the main reason for the poor Indian economy. Almost half of the population in India is living a miserable life due to poverty.

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Poverty creates a situation in which people fail to get sufficient income so they cannot buy essential things. A poor man lives his life without any facilities, such as two meals a day, clean drinking water, clothes, home, proper education, etc. the existence.

There are various reasons for poverty in India, but the distribution of national income is also a reason. People in the lower-income group tend to be relatively poorer than the higher income group. Children from poor families never get proper schooling, proper nutrition, and happy childhood. The most important causes of poverty are illiteracy, corruption, increasing population, poor agriculture, the difference between poor and rich, etc.

400 Words Essay on Poverty in English

Essay on Poverty for Class 9 and 10

Poverty has become the biggest problem today. Many people live below the poverty line. Those people can be said to be in poverty who are unable to provide basic things like bread, cloth, and houses for themselves and their families. As long as the country remains poor, it cannot progress. The poor are becoming poorer and poorer in today’s time because the rich do not allow money to reach them.

Causes of Poverty – Population growth is the biggest reason for increasing poverty in the country. Due to the increasing population, there has been a decrease in employment, and people are getting fewer employment means due to which they are unable to earn even two times their bread.

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Poverty also increases due to illiteracy because people are unaware of the facilities provided by the government. The poor are also becoming poorer due to corrupt leaders because they use the facilities they get and do not allow them to reach them.

Problems arising out of poverty – Poverty leads to crimes because a hungry person can also choose the wrong path to satisfy hunger. Due to poverty, many people go on the path of theft and robbery. Some people even go on to become terrorists to fill their stomachs.

Poverty promotes traitors. The most serious problem arising due to poverty is that of Child Labour because every member of the household has to work to run the house, only then he gets two times of bread.

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The government has made available food to the poor at cheap rates. They get oil, rice, wheat, pulses, etc. from Deepu at a cheap price so that they can sustain themselves and their families.

Poverty is the biggest hindrance in development and the biggest issue of thinking in today’s time. The increase in mortality is also due to poverty because many people are unable to get food and become malnourished and die. Living in poverty is very difficult.

We and the government should take some steps to alleviate the poverty of the country. We need to give books and food items to the poor children around us. The government should also open schools etc. for the development of those children. Our only aim should be to drive away poverty.

Essay on Poverty for kids

500 Words long Essay on Poverty in English

Essay on Poverty for Class 11 and 12


Poverty has become a challenge in our life, in today’s time many countries around the world are in the grip of it. Looking at the data released in this subject, it shows that in spite of so many measures being taken for the eradication of poverty at the global level, this problem remains a symbol of light.

Measures to Control Poverty

Poverty shows the poor quality of life, illiteracy, malnutrition, lack of basic needs, low human resource development, etc. Poverty is a major problem in developing countries like India. This is a fact in which a section of people in the society cannot fulfill even the basic needs of their life.

Poverty levels have shown some decrease in the last five years (from 35.97% in 1993–94 to 26.1% in 1999–2000). This has also come down at the state level like 47.15% to 48.56% in Orissa, 37.43% to 43.52% in Madhya Pradesh, 31.15% to 40.85% in Uttar Pradesh and 27.02% to 35.66% in West Bengal.

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However, in spite of this, no special happiness or pride can be felt because still about 26 crore people in India are forced to live below the poverty line.

Poverty in India can be eradicated through the use of some effective programs, although the coordinated efforts of everyone are needed not only by the government but also for achieving this objective.

The government of India will have to devise some effective strategies to develop poor social areas especially through the main components like primary education, population control, family welfare, employment generation, etc. in rural areas.

What is the Effect of Poverty?

There are many effects of Poverty. These are some of the following effects of poverty such as:

  • Illiteracy: Poverty makes people incompetent to get a proper education due to a lack of money.
  • Nutrition and a balanced diet: Due to poverty, inadequate availability of a balanced diet and adequate nutrition bring a lot of catastrophic and infectious diseases.
  • Child labor: This gives rise to illiteracy on a large scale because the future of the country gets involved in child labor at a very low cost at a very young age.
  • Unemployment: Unemployment also arises due to poverty, which acts to affect the normal life of people. It forces people to live life against their will.
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  • Social Anxiety: This creates social anxiety due to the acute income gap between rich and poor.
  • Housing problem: Pavement, roadside, other open spaces, living together of many people in one room, etc. It creates bad conditions for living.
  • Diseases: It increases various infectious diseases because people without money cannot maintain proper hygiene and cleanliness. For a proper treatment of any disease, the doctor’s expenses cannot be borne.
  • Poverty in female prosperity: Due to gender inequality affects the lives of women on a large scale and they are deprived of proper diet, nutrition and medicine, and treatment facilities.


There are such problems in society as corruption, illiteracy, and discrimination, which are affecting the world today. In view of this, we have to identify these reasons and make a strategy to deal with them and ensure the development of the society because the eradication of poverty is possible only through the overall development.


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Conclusion (निष्कर्ष)

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