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India, held in the chains of slavery for hundreds of years, became independent in 1947. This freedom became possible due to the sacrifice and sacrifice of millions of people. These great people gave up their bodies, minds, and wealth and gave up everything for the freedom of the country. They are called Freedom fighters of India.
Forgetting his family, household, and times, many great Freedom Fighters of India sacrificed their lives so that the coming generations can breathe peace in independent India. People from every section of society and from every part of the country participated in the freedom movement.
Every person of independent India is indebted to these heroes and great men who gave up everything and dedicated their entire life to the freedom of the country. These great sons of Mother India are the source of inspiration for all of us today.
His life story reminds us of all of our struggles over and over again. In our ‘Freedom Fighter’ section, we will learn about the lives of these great men and women who played an important role in the independence of the country by fighting the harsh and oppressive ‘English rule’.
Here are some Indian freedom fighters, who sacrificed their lives for our country India.
1. Mahatma Gandhi (Great Freedom Fighter of India)
|Full Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Birth Year||2 October 1869, Porbandar (Gujarat)|
|Death Year||30 January 1948, New Delhi|
- Date and place of birth – 2 October 1869, Porbandar (Gujarat)
- Death – 30 January 1948, New Delhi
- Work – Freedom fighter
Mahatma Gandhi is such a name that one remembers truth and non-violence upon hearing it. A personality who used it himself before giving advice to another. Who did not leave the path of non-violence even in the greatest trouble? Mahatma Gandhi was a political leader of a great personality. He played an important role in India’s independence.
Gandhiji was a supporter of the simple idea of high life, and he also implemented it completely in his life. The image of this idea is reflected in his whole life. It is for this reason that he was addressed by Netaji Subhash Chandra as the Father of the Nation in 1944.
Click here to read more about Mahatma Gandhi.
2. Vinoba Bhave (Brave Freedom fighter)
|Full Name||Vinayak Narahari Bhave|
|Father’s Name||Narahari Shambhu Rao|
|Mother’s Name||Rukmini Devi|
|Birth Year||11 September 1895|
|Death Year||15 November 1982|
- Born: 11 September 1895
- Death: 15 November 1982
- Field of work: freedom fighter
Vinoba Bhave was a respected follower of Mahatma Gandhi, one of India’s most well-known social reformers and the founder of the movement called ‘Bhoodan Yajna’. His entire life was like Sadhu Sanyas, due to which he became famous as a saint.
Vinoba Bhave was a man of very scholarly and thoughtful personality. This warrior of Mahatma Gandhi’s supreme disciple ‘Jung-e-Azadi’, he meditated deeply on various religious texts like Vedas, Vedanta, Gita, Ramayana, Quran, Bible, etc. Modern theories of Economics, Politics, and Philosophy were also discussed by Vinoba Bhave in deep observation.
Click here to read more about Vinoba Bhave.
3. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (Female Freedom Fighter of India)
|Born||3 April 1903 (Mangalore, Karnataka)|
|Died||29 October 1988 Maharashtra, India|
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was a social reformer, freedom fighter, pioneer of the women’s movement, and a Gandhian woman who brought a new awakening in the field of Indian handicraft.
She was born on 3 April 1903 (Mangalore, Karnataka) and died on October 29, 1988. Kamaladevi was also a social worker, a supporter of art and literature. She had joined the national service due to the loneliness of life and the call of Mahatma Gandhi.
4. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi ( The journalist Freedom Fighter)
|Full Name||Pandit Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi|
|Father’s Name||Jai Narain|
|Mother’s Name||Not Found|
|Birth Year||October 26, 1890, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh|
|Death Year||March 25, 1931, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh|
- Born: October 26, 1890, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh
- Died: March 25, 1931, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
- Field of work: Journalist, social worker, freedom fighter, politician
Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi was a fearless and impartial journalist, philanthropist, and freedom fighter. His name is Azar-Amar in the history of India’s independence movement. Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi was a journalist who, by the power of his writing, woke up the British rule in India.
This great freedom fighter supported and supported Kalam and Vani as well as the non-violent ideas and revolutionaries of Mahatma Gandhi. In his short life span, he raised his voice against the cruel system of oppression. He always raised his voice against oppression and injustice – be it bureaucrats, zamindars, the bourgeoisie, or any upper caste human being.
Click here to read more about Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi.
5. Begum Hazrat Mahal (Lady Freedom Fighters of India)
|Born||1820, Faizabad, Awadh, India|
|Died||April 1879, Kathmandu, Nepal|
Begum Hazrat Mahal was the wife of Nabab Wajid Ali Shah of Awadh. She revolted against the British East India Company in 1857 in India’s first freedom struggle. When the officers of the British East India Company seized the kingdom of Awadh and sent her husband Nawab Wajid Ali Shah to Kolkata, Begum Hazrat Mahal took over the reins of Awadh and took over Lucknow.
She placed his minor son Birjis Kadar on the throne and fought the English army himself. The organization had an unprecedented capacity in the Hazrat Mahal due to which the zamindars, peasants, and soldiers of Awadh province supported them and continued to lead under them. Although she fought and struggled against the British with great zeal, she eventually faced defeat and fled and took refuge in Nepal where she died in 1879.
6. Rani Lakshmi Bai (Female Freedom Fighters of India)
|Born||19 November 1828, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh|
|Died||18 June 1858, Sarai of Kota, Gwalior|
Rani Lakshmibai was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi kingdom and was one of the heroes playing the bugle against the British rule in the first Indian independence struggle of 1857. She was such a heroine who fought at the age of 23 only from the army of the British Empire and got to heroism in the battlefield but did not let the British conquer her kingdom Jhansi.
7. Bhulabhai Desai
|Full Name||Bhulabhai Desai|
|Mother’s Name||Not Found|
|Birth Year||13 October 1877, Valsad, Gujarat|
|Death Year||6 May 1946|
- Born: 13 October 1877, Valsad, Gujarat
- Died: 6 May 1946
- Work: Freedom workers, Gandhiji’s associates
Bhulabhai Desai was a famous freedom worker, a well-known advocate of his time, and an important associate of Gandhiji. He supported him very efficiently in the sedition case against Azad Hind Fauj soldiers Shahnawaz Khan, Gurbax Singh Dhillon, and Prem Kumar Sehgal, which spread his fame all over the country.
He is also known for the Desai-Liaquat pact, which took place in secret between Muslim League leader Liaquat Ali Khan and Bhulabhai Desai. It is believed that neither the Congress nor the Muslim League officially gave approval to this treaty to both of them and when talk of this secret treaty came out, they were criticized very much within the Congress and the Muslim League also Ridiculed the matter.
Click here to read more about Bhulabhai Desai
8. Champak Raman Pillai (Male Freedom Fighters of India)
|Born||15 September 1891, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala|
|Died||May 26, 1934, Germany|
Champak Raman Pillai was an Indian political activist and revolutionary. Although he was born in India, he spent most of his life in Germany. Pillai’s name is included in the great revolutionaries who lost their lives for the independence of the country by putting everything at stake.
He was a hero who continued the fight for India’s independence while abroad and tried to wipe out the British rule in India with a foreign power. It is our misfortune that very few people remember him today, but this country will always be grateful for his sacrifice.
Click here to read more about Champak Raman Pillai
9. Hakim Ajmal Khan (The Brave Indian Freedom Fighters)
|Full Name||Mohammad Ajmal Khan|
|Father’s Name||Hakim Mahmud Khan|
|Mother’s Name||Not Found|
|Birth Year||11 February 1868, Delhi|
|Death Year||29 December 1927, Delhi|
- Born: 11 February 1868, Delhi
- Death: 29 December 1927, Delhi
- Field of work: Famous Unani physician, freedom fighter, politician
Hakim Ajmal Khan was an Indian physician, nationalist politician, and freedom fighter. He revived Unani medicine in India by establishing Tibia College in Delhi at the beginning of the twentieth century. He was a nationalist leader and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. Ajmal Khan participated in many important movements during the freedom struggle.
Click here to read more about Hakim Ajmal Khan.
10. Rani Gaidinlu (Lady Freedom Fighters of India)
|Born||26 January 1915, Manipur|
|Died||17 February 1993|
Rani Gaidinlu was a famous Indian female freedom fighter. He carried out his revolutionary activities against the British rule in Nagaland during the independence movement. This heroine is also called ‘Rani Laxmibai of Nagaland’ for doing all the heroic work in the freedom struggle.
At the age of just 13, she joined her cousin Jadonag’s ‘Heraka’ movement. Initially, the movement was religious in nature but gradually took a political form when the agitators started repelling the British from the Manipur and Naga regions. In the Heraka sect, Queen Gaidinlu came to be regarded as an incarnation of the goddess Cherchamadinlu.
The British arrested Queen Gaidinlu for her revolutionary activities. At that time, he was only 16 years old. In 1937, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru met him in Shillong Jail and tried to release him, but the British gave him Not released He was released in 1947 after India’s independence. After independence, he worked for the development of his people.
11. Ras Bihari Bose (The man of Inspiretion)
|Full Name||Ras Bihari Bose|
|Father’s Name||Binod Behari Bose|
|Mother’s Name||Bhubaneswari Devi|
|Birth Year||May 25, 1886, Subaldaha, Block–Raina 2, Dist-Purba Bardhaman West Bengal, India|
|Death Year||21 January 1945 (aged 58) Tokyo, Japan|
Rasbihari Bose was an Indian revolutionary who played an important role in the organization of the Ghadar and Azad Hind Fauj against the British rule. He not only within the country but also in other countries conducted revolutionary activities against the British government and tried to bring freedom to India.
Rasbihari Bose planned to bomb Delhi’s then Viceroy of India, Lord Charles Harding, planned the Ghadar, went to Japan and established the Indian Independence League and later the Azad Hind Fauj. Although his efforts to liberate the country were not successful, his role in the freedom struggle of the country was important.
Click here to read more about Rasbihari Bose.
12. Mangal Pandey (the pioneer of India’s first freedom struggle)
|Full Name||Mangal Pandey|
|Father’s Name||Divakar Pandey|
|Mother’s Name||Abhairani Pandey|
|Birth Year||19 July 1827, Nagwa Village, Ballia District|
|Death Year||8 April 1857, Barrackpore, West Bengal|
Mangal Pandey was the pioneer of India’s first freedom struggle. The British rule was badly shaken by the flame of the revolution they instigated. Although the British suppressed this revolution, the martyrdom of Mangal Pandey who sowed the seeds of revolution in the country, overthrew the British rule from India within 100 years.
Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry under the British East India Company. During the revolution of 1857, Mangal Pandey gave rise to a rebellion that spread like wildfire to the whole of North India and other parts of the country. It may not have been India’s first struggle for freedom but this revolution continued to progress. English rulers described him as a traitor and a rebel, but Mangal Pandey is a great hero for every Indian.
Click here to read more about Mangal Pandey.
13. Shyamji Krishna Varma (Indian revolutionary, lawyer, and journalist)
|Full Name||Pandit Shyamji Krishna Varma|
|Father’s Name||Karsan Bhanushali (Nakhua)|
|Birth Year||4 October 1857, Mandvi, Kutch, Gujarat|
|Death Year||30 March 1930, Geneva, Switzerland|
Shyamji Krishna Varma was an Indian revolutionary, lawyer, and journalist. She is one of those brave sons of Mother India who dedicated their whole life to the independence of the country. After studying in England, he came to India and practiced for some time and then worked as a Diwan in some royal houses, but after going through the atrocities of the British Government, he moved from India to England.
He was a scholar of many other Indian languages including Sanskrit. Impressed by his Sanskrit speech, Monier Williams invited Vermaji to become his assistant at Oxford. He founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House, and The Indian Sociologist in London.
The purpose of these institutions was to make the Indians living there aware of the independence of the country, and mutual meeting, and diverse discussions among the students. Shyamji was the first Indian to receive MA and Oxford-based titles from Oxford.
Click here to read more about Shyamji Krishna Varma.
14. Ram Prasad Bismil
|Full Name||Ram Prasad Bismil|
|Birth Year||11 June 1897, Shahjahanpur|
|Death Year||19 December 1927, Gorakhpur|
Whenever there is talk of great revolutionaries in India’s independence history, then this heroic son of Mother India will be mentioned. Ram Prasad Bismil was not only a great revolutionary but also a high-quality poet, poet, translator, multilingualism, and litterateur. With his bravery and wisdom, he woke up to the British rule and sacrificed his life at the age of 30 for the independence of India.
Apart from the surname Bismil, he also wrote articles and poems in the name of Rama and the unknown. Not knowing how many revolutionaries singing his famous composition Sarfaroshi’s Tamanna .. swung on the gallows for the freedom of the country. Ram Prasad Bismil shook the English empire by executing the Mainpuri case and the Kakori case.
During his revolutionary life of about 11 years, he wrote many books and published them himself. Almost all the books published during his lifetime were confiscated by the British Government.
Click here to read more about Ram Prasad Bismil.
15. Vitthalbhai Patel (a prominent leader of the freedom movement, legislator, and iron man.)
|Full Name||Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel|
|Mother’s Name||Ladbai Patel|
|Birth Year||27 September 1873, Nadiad, Gujarat|
|Death Year||October 22, 1933, Geneva|
Vitthalbhai Patel was the elder brother of Sardar Ballabhbhai Patel, a prominent leader of the freedom movement, legislator, and iron man. He also became a member of the Central Assembly and later the Speaker. Leaving Congress, he also founded the Swaraj Party.
After becoming a barrister from England, he had made a good mark in the legal profession but soon joined the national independence movement. Vitthal Bhai Patel was also an excellent speaker. He was known as an avid leader within the Congress Party. His and Gandhiji’s views were very different and for this reason, there were differences between them on many issues.
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